The housing bubble ends when demand declines or stagnates – because of increased mortgage rates or inflation eating away at savings – and demand and supply realign (when construction catches up). It might lead to a sharp decline in price, thus bursting the bubble.
According to Freddie Mac, the average 30-year mortgage rate is around 4.67%, the highest since 2018. The anticipation that the Federal Reserve will continue to hike interest rates is the main reason for the increase. However, the Federal Reserve’s goal to control inflation may slow housing construction.
The cause of the present housing crisis in the United States is supply and demand. The basic principle of supply and demand is that the less of anything consumers want, the more they are ready to pay. When it comes to housing, the more they desire it, the larger the mortgage they will take out.
When the United States began putting lockdown in place because of the pandemic in 2020, the initial assumption was that doing so would discourage individuals from buying homes. Instead, the reverse happened. As millennial buyers took advantage of record-low borrowing rates to purchase houses, the housing market exploded.
According to a February 2022 Fannie Mae survey, 70% of consumers believe now is the wrong time to buy a home. Only 43% of respondents believe home values will rise in the coming year, while 58% believe mortgage rates will increase. Furthermore, 17% of those surveyed are anxious about losing their jobs.