Perhaps the most obvious choice when considering purchasing farmland is to purchase it directly. This option typically requires hundreds of thousands of dollars in investments or a mortgage to pay for the land over time.
A REIT is a group of investors who purchase a farmland portfolio and then lease it to farmers. You can research two of the largest REITs are Farmland Partners Inc. (FPI) and Gladstone Land Corporation (LAND).
A third option is to explore mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETF). If you are interested in purchasing stocks but aren’t sure which ones will yield the highest returns, you can mitigate risk by purchasing a farming-focused mutual fund or ETF.